|Developer||BioRing Inc. |
|Announced||June 2016 |
|Released||Developers: January 2017 
Consumers: November 2016 
|Price||219 USD |
|Operating system||iOS 8 Android 4.4 later Windows Phone|
3-axis accelerometer, Optical heart rate monitor,Bio - impedance sensor 
|Weight||14 g depending on size, maximal weight 17g|
BioRing is supposed to be a new type of smart fitness wearable, one of the smallest on a market. It should have close-fitting contact with body of its owner and thanks to it could measure more data. BioRing is reputedly equipped with three types of sensors, which measure intake and consumption of calories, amount of stress during day, phases of sleep during night and other parameters. To access informations from the device it is necessary to connect a smartphone or a tablet. The idea of BioRing was supposedly born in November 2014 in minds of three engineers who then formed company BioRing Inc. Later in June 2016 they started IndieGoGo campaign which successfully funded start of mass production and introduction on the market in November 2016. However at the beginning of that month nobody get the ordered product nor prototype and the campaign on IndieGoGo has been closed.
The device has following characteristics on the page of BioRing on crowdfunding server. However, this features have never been proved. Bioring looks like ordinary ring, but it are purportedly three types of sensors which measures functions of human body inside. An accelerometer can measure a motion of its owner during day. The second sensor measure a heart rate and from it calculates level of stress and sleep. The most innovative should be the sensor of bioimpedance, which thanks to tight contact with skin could measure hydration of cells by sending electric signals with high and low frequencies. The amount of water is linearly inverted to amount of glucose depending on sort and quantity of food. It is frequent, that a devices for the bioimpedance measuring have two electrodes, not only one sensor as on the picture with the components. After connecting a smartphone or tablet, an application constructs graphs of these parameters and calculates, how much water and calories it is good to take in. Beside this the ring is supposed to be equipped with small motors which should vibrate when the connected smartphone has some notification. BioRing should be compatible with iOS8 and Android 4.4 by Bluetooth, but there is no id transmitter which could send a signal in the picture with components within the ring. Apart from this, a technology of Bluetooth connection in a ring have been patented by another company.
BioRing is supposed to be made from ceramic zirconium, be waterproof and scratch proof. Customers can choose from several sizes and three colors – blue, black and white. During campaign on crowdfunding server were introduced some limited editions of carbon, silver, gold and matte rings. However a price of the ring made from 18K gold is approximately same as a price of same common 18K ring. Second problem is, that optical LED sensor can not penetrate through a metals as gold or silver. A part of a packet is allegedly a charging station, because the ring is necessary to charge approximately once per week.
A purpose of BioRing is to monitor processes of human body which is suitable to know for healthy lifestyle - heart rate, activity intensity, calories and water intake/consumption or sleep status.
Company & People
The team about BioRing is presented as an international team with experts in Sweden, the USA, China, Germany, and Denmark. However detail informations about co-founders were deleted from official pages during October 2016.
- November 2014 - idea was born, concept designed and team formed
- January 2015 - researching on the market, concept testing
- July 2015 - first gen prototype was developed
- June 2016 - started campaign on IndieGoGo
- November 2016 - should start mass production, campaign was closed
BioRing is not an invasive technology, its only task is to measure a body functions. It can make lifestyle of its owner more healthy only indirectly.
Ethical & Health Issues
In order to measure and calculate the most precise result it is necessary to wear BioRing as frequently as possible. It could cause eczematic reaction on the skin under the ring, because there can stay a dirt. This reaction is known as "wedding ring rash".
As a device which have to be connected to smartphone or tablet there exist a risk of personal data abuse. However the producers says that BioRing uses secure pairing and data encryption to ensure privacy of their customers.
Public & Media Impact and Presentation
In June 2016 the BioRing company developed campaign on crowfounding server IndieGoGo and there they were offering that their backers gets BioRing for lower price. They have withdrawed more than 500 000 USD, but in November 2016 when production and shipping should have started, nobody got their indents. An owner of the campaign Dan Bidar is not communicating since then and the campaign has been closed. The backers demands refund, , but company IndieGoGo informed them, that it can not return their money:
There were developed web pages of dissatisfied customers, which make an effort to give their investment back.  John Lewis is a journalist, who is interested in crowdfunding deceptions, and he used BioRing as a typical example of this in his article.
Some people on internet discussions assert, that project of BioRing have been dubious, because so small object with so many technologies and such quality actually can not exist.
"This doesn't make physical sense. A vibration motor, by its nature, needs to be accelerating a significant mass at a pretty low frequency. MEMS devices are far too small, and vibrate too quickly, to be useful in this application."
However, there arose still many articles on the internet during summer 2016 (for example on web pages Digital Trends, Wareable , Forbes, Tech.co ) which promote BioRing, but their information is the same as information on official pages of BioRing.
In January 2017, Wareable listed 'BioRing' among smart rings, which failed to fulfil their obligations. They informed that BioRing's Indiegogo campaign was closed and the device has not been shipped yet.
In a database of Food and Drug Administration is under the name of BioRing registered some different technology – an aid for cardiovascular surgery.
Related Technologies, Projects, or Scientific Research
The technology of smart rings has become more popular during last years. In comparison to a smart bracelets, developers of rings are limited by small size. There are two options: a ring can be bigger, but less comfortable – this is case of smart rings Nod, ARING PRO or Siren - or if it want to be small, then its technologies and functions are limited. Some function as fitness tracker, for example Pulse ring works as watch, stopwatch and heart-rate tracker. Ring and FinRing , by measurement of hand and fingers movement, can control a smartphone or some other devices. A frequent function of these smart rings is notification of incoming calls and messages from smartphone. For example Kerv and NFC ring are able to unlock a smart locks and they can be used for payment. However none of this devices have so many technologies in so small object as BioRing. Some of them are as new as the BioRing and they are presented on crowfounding servers with no assurance that they really works as their founders say.
- ↑ BioRing official page [online] http://www.thebioring.com/ (Retrieved 16th October, 2016)
- ↑ 2.00 2.01 2.02 2.03 2.04 2.05 2.06 2.07 2.08 2.09 2.10 BioRing Inc., BioRing - The Personal Trainer on Your Finger! [online] © 2016 Indiegogo, Inc. https://www.indiegogo.com/projects/bioring-the-personal-trainer-on-your-finger-fitness-gadget#/ (Retrieved 16th October, 2016)
- ↑ NFC Ring Patents [online] © 2016 McLear Ltd. http://nfcring.com/patents/ (Retrieved 3rd December, 2016)
- ↑ UDUPA, Anand a Praveen AROUL, Designing a Heart Rate Monitor for Wearable Devices. Medical Design Technology [online]. 2014. ISSN 10961801. http://search.proquest.com/docview/1611567179/F48778216B7F445FPQ/1?accountid=14965 (Retrieved 3rd December, 2016)
- ↑ 5.0 5.1 5.2 BioRing Inc., BioRing - The Personal Trainer on Your Finger! [online] © 2016 Indiegogo, Inc. https://www.indiegogo.com/projects/bioring-the-personal-trainer-on-your-finger-fitness-gadget#/ (Retrieved 5th November, 2016)
- ↑ KEATING, Lauren, The BioRing Wearable Brings A Personal Trainer To Your Fingers, [online] TechTimes, 30th June, 2016 http://www.techtimes.com/articles/167682/20160630/bioring-wearable-brings-personal-trainer-fingers.htm (Retrieved 5th November, 2016)
- ↑ ALAI, Nili N., Wedding Ring Rash [online] MedicineNet Inc. http://www.medicinenet.com/script/main/art.asp?articlekey=107570 (Retrieved 9th December, 2016)
- ↑ BioRing - The Personal Trainer on Your Finger! - Comments [online] © 2016 Indiegogo, Inc. https://www.indiegogo.com/projects/bioring-the-personal-trainer-on-your-finger-fitness-gadget#/comments (Retrieved 5th November, 2016)
- ↑ "Nicholas" [online] http://imgur.com/a/AmYfX © 2016 Imgur, Inc. (Retrieved 5th November, 2016)
- ↑ LEWIS, John, BioRing Scam - Get A Refund NOW! [online] © 2016 Indiegogo, Inc. https://www.indiegogo.com/projects/bio-ring-scam-get-a-refund-now#/ (Retrieved 6th November, 2016)
- ↑ BioRing is a Scam - Get a Credit Card Chargeback NOW [online] © 2016, Facebook https://www.facebook.com/BioRingFraud/?hc_ref=SEARCH&fref=nf (Retrieved 6th November, 2016)
- ↑ LEWIS, John, Willing Victims: How People Lost Money Through A Crowdfunding Scam [online] Crowdfunding hell, November 5th, 2016 https://crowdfundinghell.wordpress.com/2016/11/05/willing-victims-how-people-lost-money-through-a-crowdfunding-scam/ (Retrieved 9th December, 2016)
- ↑ "duskwuff", BioRing, a magic ring that tracks pretty much everything [online] © reddit a.s. August, 2016 https://www.reddit.com/r/shittykickstarters/comments/4x9vgp/bioring_a_magic_ring_that_tracks_pretty_much/ (Retrieved 6th November, 2016)
- ↑ KRITSONIS, Ted, BIORING WEARABLE SMART RING SMASHES FUNDING GOAL [online] Digital trends, 15th July, 2016 http://www.digitaltrends.com/wearables/bioring-news/ (Retrieved 6th November, 2016)
- ↑ SAWH, Michael, BioRing want to be your personal fitness and nutrition coach [online] Wareable, 22nd June, 2016 http://www.wareable.com/fitness-trackers/bioring-smart-ring-indiegogo-2874 (Retrieved 6th November, 2016)
- ↑ FENN, Mike, The 'BioRing' Could Be The Next Evolution In Wearable Tech [online] Forbes, 3rd August, 2016 http://www.forbes.com/sites/mikefenn/2016/08/23/the-bioring-could-be-the-next-evolution-in-wearable-tech/#3a5763cf446d (Retrieved 6th November, 2016)
- ↑ CAWLEY, Conor, BioRing Can Track What Kinds of Food You Eat Throughout the Day [online] Tech.co, 12nd July, 2016 (Retrieved 6th November, 2016)
- ↑ PLUMMER, Libby, CHARARA, Sophie, Smart rings: The good, the bad and the ugly in smart jewellery [online] Wareable, 11th January, 2017, http://www.wareable.com/smart-jewellery/best-smart-rings-1340(Retrieved 12th January, 2017).
- ↑ U.S. Food & Drug Administration [online]. 2016. http://www.accessdata.fda.gov/scripts/cdrh/cfdocs/cfpmn/pmn_template.cfm?id=k023940 (Retrieved 3rd December, 2016)
- ↑ Character [online] © 2016 Character http://charactersf.com/projects/nod (Retrieved 3rd December, 2016)
- ↑ Meet ARING PRO, Focused voice command + Wearable = Better solution [online] 2015 © WHYNOT TECH CO. http://aringpro.2whynot.com/ (Retrieved 3rd December, 2016)
- ↑ SIREN Ring | Beautiful. Powerful. Smart. [online] © 2016 Smart Siren Technology Inc. http://sirenring.com/ (Retrieved 3rd December, 2016)
- ↑ Polar. Listen to your body. [online] ALL System s.r.o. http://polar.inshop.cz/inShop/scripts/detail.asp?itemId=366 (Retrieved 3rd December, 2016)
- ↑ The world’s smallest input device, Ring ZERO is a futuristic device that enhances people’s lives. [online] Logbar Inc. © 2015 http://logbar.jp/ring/en (Retrieved 3rd December, 2016)
- ↑ Fin Robotics, Fin : Wearable Ring, [online] © 2016 Indiegogo, Inc. https://www.indiegogo.com/projects/fin-wearable-ring#/ (Retrieved 3rd December, 2016)
- ↑ KERV – THE WORLD'S FIRST CONTACTLESS PAYMENT RING [online] ©2016 Kerv Wearables Ltd. http://kerv.com/ (Retrieved 3rd December, 2016)
- ↑ NFC Ring [online] © 2016 McLear Ltd.http://nfcring.com/ (Retrieved 3rd December, 2016)